Difference Between Prokaryotic cell and Eukaryotic cell :
Difference Between Prokaryotic cell and Eukaryotic cell. Cell is the basic structural and functional unit of all the living organism except virus. A single cell is composing of a protoplasm a boundary the member and genetic material. Cell consists of many organelles. Organelles make a special structure of cell and help the cells to perform many functions. There are two types of organelles. One is membranous Organelles and second is Non-membranous Organelles.
On the base of organelles cell is divide into two Group. e.g. Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes.
Prokaryotes are group of those organism that make up of Prokaryotic cells. Prokaryotic cells are very primitive cell in morphological point of view. There have no well defined nucleus and many major organelles such as Golgi complex, endoplasmic reticulum, mitochondria and centriole etc.
In other word you can say prokaryotic cells have no membrane bound organelles. In Prokaryotic cell genetic material (chromosome) is bounded in a portion of cytoplasm that called nucleoid.
Eukaryotes are group of those organism that make up of Eukaryotic cells. Eukaryotic cells consist of plasma membrane and membrane bounded organelles such as Golgi complex, endoplasmic reticulum, mitochondria and centriole etc. They have well defined nucleus.
In animals and plant various types and shape of cells exhibit. In animals mostly, cells are spherical in shape, in plants its shape is rectangular. The shape of cells differs from animal to animals. There is a correlation between the size, shape of the cell according to their function.
Key Difference Between Prokaryotic cell and Eukaryotic In Table
|Feature||Prokaryotic cell||Eukaryotic cell|
|Cell Size||Prokaryotic cell have On an Average Diameter 0.5-5 um.||Up to 40 um in diameter, it 1000-10000 more from prokaryotic.|
|From||Unicellular or filamentous in form.||Unicellular or truly multicellular in nature.|
|Genetic Material||No true nucleus present in it. DNA laying naked in cytoplasm.||True nucleus present in it. DNA associated within the protein.|
|Protein Synthesis||Smaller Ribosome (70s). No endoplasm recticul involve for protein synthesis.||Lager Ribosome (80s). This ribosome attach with ED.|
|organelles||Few organelles are present . They have no member outside (Non membrane bounded organelles).||Many organelles are founded.All organelles are membrane bounded. such mitochondria, Golgi complex etc.|
|Cell Wall||Rigid and compose with amino acid and polysaccharide. Murine is the main component of cell wall they strentn to cell wall.||Cell wall of fungi and plant are rigid and compose of polysaccharide material.cellous is the main component of cell wall that give strength to plant and chitin is main component of fungal wall.|
|Flagella||Very simple not cover by any membrane and microtubule also absent in it. The size 20um.||Complex in nature, 9+2 arrangement of microtubules are occurred. Its cover by outer membrane. Its diameter is 200um.|
In bacteria respiration occur through mesosoma, except cytoplasmic membrane in blue green algae.
|In which aerobic respiration through mitochondria .|
|Photosynthesis||Chloroplast is absent. Photosynthesis occur through member which show no stacking.||Chloroplast is present in member which have stack of grana.|
|Nitrogen Fixation||Few Have the ability to fix the nitrogen.||No one have the ability to fix Nitrogen.|