What Is Botany?
Botany is one of the main areas of biology (as well as zoology), it is a scientific study of plants. Botany covers many scientific disciplines, such as Biochemistry, chemistry, microbiology, pathology, etc.
Botany also covers a specific area of research in plant life, such as photochemistry, which deals with reaction, products, chemical derivatives in plants, and affects other species.
Plant anatomy and morphology that deal with structures, evolution, process and mechanism of parts of plants and classification. Which is the science of describing living things and naming and classifying them.
Introduction to Botany:
First of all botany not only study the plant outside growth pattern, it’s also studied the plant complete life from germination to its death.
It completely study plant life cycle such as, its structure, function, reproduction, all chemical process, photosynthesis, transpiration, alternation of generation, germination, fruit formation and its relation to environment etc.
For the reason that introduction to Botany studies play vital role because plants are only source that maintain the earth and life on earth, without plant life can’t exist on earth.
They maintain temperature, light, water and many gases. Botany help to study why, where, when and how plant react.
Plants reside entities, and material conferred among Biology can have relevancy here, most significantly at the cellular and subcellular. Each plants and animals agitate an equivalent issue of maintaining life on planet Earth.
Their approaches appear quite totally different, however the tip result’s the same: continued existence in associate organized state, as a part of a universe whose tendency is towards larger disorganization. Back on Earth, however, it’s an undeniable fact that microbes, plants, and animals comprise a mutually beneficial system. we tend to divide them apart, because of our minds work best that method.
The divisions of botany are generally divided into three main groups such as…
Main Branches: disturbed through the study of the essential natural phenomena and processes of plant life, the classification and description of plant diversity.
Applied Branches: which study the ways in which plants may be used for economic benefit in agriculture, horticulture and forestry.
Organismic Branches: which focus on plant groups such as mosses, algae and flowering plants.
The detail of all branches that study under the botany are given below.
Scope and Career In Botany:
Plant anatomy: The Study of structure of plant cells & tissues.
Paleobotany: The Study of fossil plant evolution.
Palynology: The Study of Pollen and spore’s formation.
Plant biochemistry: The scientific study of all metabolism Chemical processes.
Phenology: The scientific study time of germination, fruiting and flowering.
Cytology: The scientific study cell structure of plants.
Epigenetics: The study control of gene expression in plants.
Phytosociology: The study plant communities and interactions between individual.
Phytochemistry: The systematic study of Plant all chemical processes.
Plant evolutionary developmental bio: The scientific study of plants development from an evolutionary viewpoint.
Plant genetics: Study Genomic inheritance in plants.
Plant morphology: The scientific study of Structure of plant.
Phytogeography: The study of plant distributions.
Plant reproduction: The scientific study of processes of reproduction in plant.
Plant ecology: The scientific study of Role of plants in the environment.
Plant physiology: The scientific study of functions and working of plants.
Plant taxonomy: The scientific study of Classification and naming.
Applied Branches of Botany:
Astrobotany: The scientific study of plants in space.
Arboriculture: The scientific study of propagation of trees plant.
Agronomy: The scientific study of Application of plant science to crop production.
Biotechnology: The study of use of plants to synthesize bio products.
Dendrology: Study of shrubs, trees, lianas and woody plants.
Ethnobotany: selection of plants by humans.
Economic botany: Economic use or value of Plants.
Forestry: The scientific study Forestry management and related educations.
Horticulture: The scientific study of sowing garden tree plants.
Micropropagation: Study of propagation of plants cell and tissue.
Marine botany: Aquatic plants and algae that living in water.
Genetics: Produce pharmaceuticals by Genetic engineering technique.
Plant pathology: The scientific study of plants related diseases.
Plant breeding: Breeding of all crop and tree plants with desirable characters.
Pomology: The scientific study of plants fruit and nuts.
Plant propagation: The study of plants seed, bulbs, sucker, rhizome, tubers, cuttings and grafting.
Agrostology: The study of Grasses.
Batology: The study of Brambles.
Bryology: The study of Mosses, liverworts, and hornworts.
Lichenology: The study of Lichens.
Mycology: The study of Fungi.
Orchid ology: The study of Orchids.
Phycology: The study of Algae.
Pteridology: The study of Fern and their allies.
Rhabdology: The study of Roses.
Synantherology: The study of Composita.
Introduction to Botany is not a simple study of plants. Its also study the above all branches.It’s also provided a lot of knowledge of many other branches that directly or indirectly related to tree plants.
You can also choose your careers in botany by choosing different categories according to your interest and select your bachelor subject for you.
The biological science analysis increase & improve our offer of medicines, foods, fibers, building materials, and alternative plant merchandise. Conservationists use biological science information to assist manage parks, forests, vary lands, and geographic region areas.
Public health and environmental protection professionals rely on their understanding of plant science to assist solve pollution issues.